Genome Informatics

Genome Informatics plays a major role in computational biology in the development of tools for DNA sequence information and analysis, gene mapping, genetic variation, complex trait mapping, predict protein sequence and structure. Next Generation sequencing results in large amounts of long or short DNA reads requiring assembly process to generate the complete genome sequence. De novo genome assembler programs have been written to detect overlaps between reads, to assemble overlaps into contigs, and then combine contigs into scaffolds obtaining a draft genome sequence.

There is scope in the development and maintenance of databases of genomic and genetic data which include new tools for annotating complex genomes to expand their utility.